Aside from its nice poetical and literary deserves, The Prologue to the Canterbury Tales is an excellent commentary upon the English life in Center Ages. Dryden has rightfully remarked that Chaucer should have been a person of most complete nature who may deliver into the compass of his The Canterbury Tales the manners and humors of his age. His eager statement, in depth journey, huge data and variegated expertise within the service of state had enabled him to current such a vivid image of human life and sample. Maybe it was his need to exhibit his huge data that he conceived the thought of writing The Canterbury Tales.
Chaucer’s approach in portraying his characters lie in joyous originality, free from issues. In truth Chaucer being the true narrator of his age, brings earlier than us the fact in its very unique type. He’s an goal author for whom the issues are finest represented when they’re of their unique form. He’s maybe amongst those that first deserted the conventions which didn’t current the factor in its apparent magnificence. Chaucer exhibited the complete pageant of humanity with its most half uncovered and little material thrown over it.
Chaucer has given an ideal number of professions of his time. The Knight and the Squire current chivalric class. The Clerk, Physician of Physic and even poet himself are the representatives of discovered and liberal class. Chaucer has mentioned neither the elite nor the downtrodden class of his age. He provides us the vivid image of all these professions, which have been adopted by the center class. Buying and selling, manufacturing and even farming will not be ignored by him. He has included all of the professions from the city in addition to from the village facet.
The essential facet that we get from his masterpiece of writing is the ethical situation of that age. He has launched numerous ecclesiastical and non-ecclesiastical characters and most of them are morally bankrupt. Friar, Monk, Summoner and Pardoner being church officers. are anticipated to be moral and spiritual however it’s only their obvious look, inwardly they’re cash makers out of others’ issues, they’re mercenaries. Chaucer has introduced them in a means which uncovered their lack of self-discipline. The establishment of church, which gained nice energy within the Center ages, had develop into a spot of extortion. The wickedness was not taken as a illness to be eradicated however a possibility of cash making. The observe of giving big tithes to abbot when vicar had insufficient earnings was a typical incidence. Many individuals deserted their ignored and half-savaged peasantry to flock to London or another place as chantry clergymen; Monk’s Assertion “Why sholde he studie and make hymselven a wooden” provides the true image of his unsuitability to his job.
Not solely the non secular authorities but additionally the varied social sects of life mirror the identical impression. Physician of Physic, lawyer, Manciple, Reeve and even Retailers will not be honest to their obligations. They’re carrying the masks of advantage however in observe they by no means go away an opportunity to money from others’ sufferings. Chaucer has uncovered the fact in a sugarcoated means as he knew it could evolve hatred in opposition to humanity.
Females in “The Canterbury Tales” are Prioress and Spouse of Tub who embody the spirit of revolt in opposition to the modern gender discrimination. Spouse of Tub is a dominant character who declared a revolt in opposition to males basically. Prioress doesn’t obey the injunctions of the bishop, she retains the pets and goes to pilgrimage.
Chaucer’s “The Canterbury Tales” provides ample details about the clothes, meals and completely different devices frequent in these days. Knight’s doublet, Squire’s brief embroidered gown, fur lined sleeves of Monk’s apparel, Spouse of Tub’s broad wimple and heavy kerchief depicts the style and magnificence of wearings in these days. Roasted swans, pink wine, completely different sorts of fish have been the favored meals of the day. Daggers, swords and horses have been a typical sight.
It’s attention-grabbing to see that his eager evaluation of the characters with all their manners, idiosyncracies, likes and dislikes make them lively and never mere cold dummies. They continue to be no extra phantoms of the thoughts as a result of they aren’t the spokesmen of Chaucer however a real reflection of their age. Together with the profiteering clerics there are numerous characters in “The Canterbury Tales” that are spokesmen of christian doctrines and dogmas within the fourteenth century. Amongst these ethical characters we discover Parson, Clerk, Ploughman and so forth. who’re although poor in worldly materials however wealthy in ideas and deeds. Parson satisfies his conscience by being sensible and never only a theoretic; As he says
“If gold reuste what shalt irene do” and
“A shiten shepherd and a clene sheep“
These statements justify the poor situation of church and social ranks as a result of its pure that inferiors or poor will take pleasure in crime if the aristocratic and main colleges are vicious. The state of morality was poor in Center Ages when wealthy and poor all have been sinners and needed to undergo penance which was simpler for wealthy within the form of hefty quantity.
We might conclude that Chaucer with out amending or disguising interpreted the lifetime of fourteenth century by way of the expertise of individuals and professions.